The body mass index allows us to calculate how healthy a person’s weight is, it is very easy to obtain, the formula is kilograms divided by square meters, for example, consider a woman who weighs 50 kilos and measures 1 meter 50 centimeters, we multiply 1.5 the figure or proportions of the body is an indicator of health and in fact serves to detect fertility problems… Because for a woman to be fertile she needs hormones such as estrogen and many women know that estrogen is produced in the ovaries, but very Few of us also know that the ovaries do not work alone, it is a team effort where adipose tissue or fats contain enzymes that allow the ovaries to process steroid compounds to manufacture hormones such as estrogens and androgens.
For this reason, if a little girl is very overweight, her menarche or first menstruation can come much before she is 11 years old because all that fat is helping or even forcing the ovary to start producing estrogen, and when the opposite happens, a girl has a body mass index well below her ideal weight, menarche can be delayed for several years. Now, in a mature woman, the excess fat and estrogen can be so high that the ovary becomes oversaturated and stops working altogether, so eggs stop being released. When this happens, the period is usually also lost, but it is possible that there are anovulatory periods, that is, if there is menstruation but there is no ovulation, it is impossible to achieve pregnancy.
Meanwhile, the same thing can also happen to extremely athletic women or women who have problems gaining weight because the ovaries do not have additional help to produce hormones. If your body mass index is less than 18 or greater than 25, it would be worth visiting a nutritionist or going to a fertility consultation.