Seminogram and Motile Sperm Recovery (MSR)
If you prefer to read, we share a transcript of the video below.
Regularly the first tests that are requested to analyze the problems that exist in a couple are, among them, the seminogram and it must be remembered that in couples about 40% falls mainly on the male factor.
We are going to see in the Makler camera, before the microscope, the amount of spermatozoa per milliliter that is represented by each of these squares. We are going to preferably count the entire grid and we are going to also count the mobility of all these sperms.
As we can see, this seminogram is quite mobile, however, we also find portions of semen that agglutinate the spermatozoa, called “gel”, because they (the spermatozoa) also have antibodies that may be reacting, but it is quite normal, while We do not find ourselves in the entire sample this.
We can see other types of cells such as leukocytes, erythrocytes and we will be able to see what concentration, rather, what amount of spermatozoa move and if they are progressively mobile, it is the 1st part, if they are mobile in situ or if they are immobile.
We counted 100. 40 represents the progressive motility of the sperm, that is, they swim properly with their flagellum, 26% are mobile in situ, spermatozoa that move but do not advance, and 34% of spermatozoa that are immobile.
The main difference between seminogram and diagnostic MSR
It’s that at MSR we practically treat the sample with culture media, like this one, which is human tubal fluid, synthetically made and what it has are components and nutrients that semen and sperm need so as not to lose the fertilizing capacity they have .
As can be seen against the light, up to where number two is, it is the sample that has the cryopreservation medium together with the semen and what we do is centrifuge it, put the tube with the sample, so that a button forms at the bottom Where are the best quality spermatozoa? This technique is called mobile sperm recovery, so with this process and obtaining these sperm, we can now perform an In Vitro Fertilization or insemination treatment.
Patients who want to go to, just to have an idea of how their spermatozoa are, can ask for a seminogram, however, if the doctor proposes a treatment from the first visit, such as artificial insemination or In Vitro Fertilization if they have to carry out an MSR, a recovery of mobile spermatozoa, to find out if the sample really has the necessary characteristics to be used in artificial insemination.
It is very important that they have a semen analysis, such as a seminogram, because that way they can know if the male factor is involved and it can really be an important cause of infertility, or the cause of infertility and with this, they can have the idea and really know what they are facing and we can advise them here at Creafam.